This is the park where registered the as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1978 because of its scenic value and center for endemic mammals of Ethiopia. It is found in the northwestern part Simien Mountain massifs. It is the most rugged mountains part in Africa. The park was created primarily to protect the Walia Ibex and other endemic species.
It covers 179 square km within the breathtaking views and spectacular meeting with the Walia (Abyssinian) ibex, Simien red fox and Gelada baboon – all endemic mammals to Ethiopia – as well as the Hamadryads baboon, klipspringer and bushbuck. Birds such as the lammergeyer, augur buzzard, Verreaux’s eagle, kestrel, falcon and more than 50 species also soar above this mountain retreat. The park lies within an average elevation of 3,300 meters. Ras Dashen, at 4,620 meters the highest peak in Ethiopia. The vegetation types are mountain grasslands with fescue grasses as well as heathers, splendid Red Hot Pokers and Giant Lobelia.
Geological features of the park are spectacular mountain scenery and escarpments consist of dark Trapp basalts and bright, soft tuff, landscape, cool climate and endemic wildlife. The attractions can be largely discovered through trekking. That is why trekking is one of the main reasons to visit the park.
The bleeding-heart monkey or the gelada baboon, is a species of Old World monkey found only in the Ethiopian Highlands.
The habitat of the Walia Ibex is the High Semien, Ethiopia’s dramatic high mountain terrain